The solution came in 1870, when the imperial government started to put in charge expenses to them it transports immigrant them that they would have to serve to the coffee farming. Others, to the farmer fit to cover the expenses of the immigrant during its first year of activity, that is, in the stage of maturation of its work. Also it had to place to its disposal lands where it could cultivate the sorts of first necessity for maintenance of the family. Of this form the immigrant had its expenses of paid transport and installation and wise person the one that if to abide with respect by its future income. This set of measures became possible to promote for the first time in America a voluminous chain immigratory of European origin destined to work in great agricultural plantations.
(STOLEN, 2002, P. 127) What it fortified more process of immigration, was that at the same time where evolua favorably the problem of Brazil, processed it unification politics of Italy, with great consequences for the peninsula. The south part had minor development degree and lower productivity, finding difficulties to face the competition of the regions north, thus, the migratory solution appeared as true valve of I alliviate. They were, therefore, launched the bases for formation of the great immigratory chain that would become possible the expansion of the coffee production in the State of So Paulo. The number of European immigrants who enter in this State goes up of 13 a thousand, in the Seventies, for 184 a thousand – quarter of the century was of 803 a thousand, being 577 a thousand proceeding ones from Italy. It is important to remember this immigration, after all currently we have thousand of Brazilians with descent European. Either Italian, German, or any another one, the fact is that they had been formed from this event.